TIPS for Scientific Publication
- PUBLISH FOR WHAT?
- ETHICAL ASPECTS OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATION
- STRUCTURING INFORMATION - IMRaD format
- LEARNING PLATFORMS
- LINKS AND RESOURCES RELEVANT TO RESEARCH
An Author publishes his work to:
- Present new and original results and methods
- Exchange ideas and communicate with peers
- Credibility of results
- Awards and financing
- Recognition and career advancement
- Prestige and personal satisfaction
In the context of scientific publication, the following ethical aspects must be considered, among others:
- The work to be submitted to a given journal should not have been previously published
- Never submit an article to more than one magazine at a time
- The publication to be submitted must be previously approved by the various co-authors and responsible entities
- Permission should be obtained from authors in respect of copyright
- Do not incur scientific fraud (ie lack of information rigor, invalid or fraudulent science or plagiarism).
There must be special care in defining the structure of a given article because an article should be easily searched, read, used and quoted ... but previously:
• It is necessary to start by choosing the scientific name to be adopted for publication throughout the scientific and academic life, so as to be easily identified and searched in databases
• Compliance with UNL (and NMS-FCM) recommended membership standards is required, consistent and correct use of institutional addresses is essential if not scientific production is underestimated in the loading of data and publications in PURE and for NMS -FCM receives credit due for their publications and citations.
• The better the data: Title + Authors + Summary + Key words (Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion, References) the greater the possibility of being "discovered".
One of the ways to structure a scientific article most used in biomedicine is the IMRaD format, which corresponds to the acronym of: Introduction - Methods - Results - and - Discussion.
Use the Introduction - Why was the study undertaken? To show what you know about the field of study / research project chosen, containing an explanation and synthesis, but also using questions, clarification, comparisons.
Use the Method - When, where and how was the study done? To demonstrate how they achieved their results by applying valid and rigorous methods, explaining what research, treatment or professional intervention they did and in what form.
Most of your study / project should be based on the results - what did the study find ?, the essence of your scientific work, from the Methods - how you came to the results and their meaning through the Introduction.
In the discussion - Why does the answer matter ?, the results of the study / scientific project are discussed through: comparisons with other studies, alternative explanations, identification of strong and weak aspects of the study, practical implications of the study, recommendations to apply in the practice and check if there is a need to investigate further on the subject.
To complete your study, you can mention what answers you found to counter the initial question and you should not introduce questions that have not been addressed previously. If the results of your study do not allow you to draw conclusions, you may end up with a synthesis of the study.
Try the free online learning platforms provided by Springer and Elsevier to find out how to publish quality articles and books ...
The topics of these online resources range from basic principles for the publication of scientific papers, peer review and information ethics, through writing techniques and tools to promote scientific work, among others. Participate in conferences, courses, webinars and receive your certificate!
Learning Platforms on Scientific Publishing:
Some useful links in this context:
- Writing Scientific Papers
- A guide to write a scientific paper for new writers
- Guidelines for responsible conduct of research
- Uniform institutional addresses (affiliations) at UNL
Relevant resources for researchers:
- DeGóis Platform
- ORCID Connecting Research and Researchers
- ResearchGate - Share and discover research