There are several questions that arise in the preparation of a bibliography. It’s important that these issues are assumed through from the beginning to ensure that the data that must be presented is collected completely, avoiding duplication of effort and above all, inconsistency in the presentation of the reference list. Learning how to cite and reference the information used is fundamental, to avoid accusations of plagiarism (voluntary or involuntary).
It’s important to know:
The American Library Association-ALA presents - in summary form - several topics that give preliminary guidelines for the organization of a bibliography,
In short, "referencing" consists in identifying books, scientific articles and other documents used throughout the work, through citations (abbreviated form in the body of the text) and bibliography (detailed form at the end of the work).
Portuguese Norm - NP405
The Portuguese Institute for Quality, IPQ, is the national organization responsible for drafting standards that apply to various areas and sectors of activity.
Among the various standards that concern the sphere of "Documentation", the Portuguese Standard concerning bibliographic references is NP 405, edited in 4 distinct parts:
International Norm - AMA
The American Medical Association has created the American Medical Association Manual of Style, which is one of the most widely used in Medical Sciences and Biomedicine.
Since it is increasingly common to consult documents in electronic formats, there are multiple sites where this topic is dealt with on the internet. The National Library of Medicine- the entity responsible for Medline/Pubmed which can be consulted via the internet- has a document that mentions how to cite in Medicine.
A complementary issue of bibliographic citations is how to order the references and how to establish the correspondence between the text and the listed bibliography.
For this purpose, there are several styles (numeric) and (name, date), but it’s the academic institutions that define which styles to adopt.
As you search for books and scientific articles from various databases, you can organize your references using citation management software such as EndNote, Mendeley or Zotero.
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