Helena Soares has a Pharm D degree by Faculdade Farmácia da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal. In 2001 she entered the Gulbenkian PhD Program in Biomedicine (PGDB). Her PhD thesis work (2002-2006) on dendritic cells was developed in Ralph Steinman’s lab, at The Rockefeller University, NYC (USA). After being awarded her PhD degree, Helena moved to Pasteur Institute to work on the cellular biology of T cells and HIV-1-T cell interactions, as an EMBO post-doctoral fellow. In 2014, Helena returned to Portugal, first as an Invited Scientist at Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC) and on the following year as a Group Leader at Centro de Estudos de Doenças Crónicas da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. Her research group is dedicated to the study of the variations of the immune response throughout human lifespan: from before birth to adulthood and aging, including our particular interest in addressing why female and male immune responses are different.